Wednesday, 31 December 2014

Health Benefits of Honey

Health Benefits of Honey:

Honey is generated naturally by alchemy of bees which collects nectar, pollen from flowers. It provides soothing sore throats. It is having effective antibacterial, antiviral & anti fungal characteristics. It heals injuries (wounds/burns) & repair the internal damages. It can be consumed as a substitute for sugar or artificial sweeteners. It has Skin & Hair benefits. It is having nutrients, antioxidants, healing compounds, phytonutrient antioxidants and enzymes. 


- It regulates blood sugar level.
- It can work as skin moisturizer to fight aging & bacteria. Due to its antibacterial and anti fungal characteristics, it resists bacteria that may lead to skin layer breakouts. Its anti-inflammatory properties will calm skin redness and irritation.
- It transfer moisture from the air into the skin and also helps in further retaining the moisture content in the skin layers. Due to this ability of honey, needed moisture will deep penetrate into the skin & provides long lasting hydration to the skin layers. In raw form, It is having antioxidants, enzymes, and nutrients that nourish, cleanse, and hydrate skin. 
- It clarify the skin and keeps the skin pores clean due to presence of the enzymes. Also its antibacterial characteristics prevents bacterial buildup & thus avoid skin imbalances and breakouts. They are having anti inflammatory and anti bacterial compounds that helps in reduction of scars formation, enhances the healing & tissue regeneration. The hydrating properties of honey along-with coconut oil or olive oil helps in reviving skin cells by gentle massaging.
- It provides dull hair with needed shine & also strengthen the hair follicles for healthy hair growth due to the presence of enzymes and nutrients. 
- It maintains needed glycogen levels to help in improving the recovery time. This characteristics of honey is particularly being used by athletes.
- It contains strong anti inflammatory characteristics to calm burned skin and helps in faster recovery by restoring the needed hydration to the deepest layers of effected skin.


Natural remedies do not often yield immediate benefits & require consistent application before any result can be seen. One should never hesitate to reach out to doctors or other healthcare professional before applying any home remedies as a precautionary measure.

Know how to give birth to a Genius, well cultured, virtuous, majestic, healthy & beautiful child; please go to following Youtube videos :- 

Wednesday, 17 December 2014

Pregnancy related terminologies

Pregnancy related terminologies:

1) Weight gain

The amount of healthy weight gain during a pregnancy varies from woman to woman. Weight gain includes weight of the baby, growing placenta, extra fluid for circulation and the weight needed to provide nutrition for the growing fetus. Most needed weight gain occurs in later pregnancy.
Study suggests that ideally an overall pregnancy weight gain of normal weight (BMI of 18.5 – 24.9), of 11.3 – 15.9 kg (25–35 pounds) having a singleton pregnancy.
During pregnancy, insufficient or excessive weight gain can compromise the health of the mother and fetus. The most effective interventions for weight gain in underweight women is not clear. Being or becoming very overweight in pregnancy increases the risk of complications for mother and fetus, including cesarean section, gestational hypertension, pre-eclampsia, macrosomia and shoulder dystocia. 
A systematic review found that diet is the most effective way to reduce weight gain and associated risks in pregnancy. The review did not find evidence of harm associated with diet control and exercise.

2) Exposure to environmental toxins

Intrauterine exposure to environmental toxins in pregnancy has the potential to cause adverse effects on the prenatal development of the embryo or fetus, as well as on pregnancy complications. Potential effects of toxic substances and pollution include congenital abnormalities. Also, neuroplastic effects of pollution can give rise to neuro developmental disorders in the child. Conditions of particular severity in pregnancy include mercury poisoning and lead poisoning. 

3) Nutrition in pregnancy period:

A balanced, nutritious diet is an important aspect of a healthy pregnancy. Eating a healthy diet, balancing carbohydrates, fat, and proteins, and eating a variety of fruits and vegetables, usually ensures good nutrition. 

Adequate periconceptional folic acid (also called folate or Vitamin B9) intake has been shown to decrease the risk of fetal neural tube defects such as spina bifida, a serious birth defect. The neural tube develops during the first 28 days of pregnancy, explaining the necessity to guarantee adequate periconceptional folate intake. Folate (from folia, leaf) is abundant in spinach (fresh, frozen, or canned), and is found in green leafy vegetables e.g. salads, beets, broccoli, asparagus, citrus fruits and melons, chickpeas (i.e. in the form of hummus or falafel), and eggs. Most wheat products (flour, noodles) are fortified with folic acid.
DHA omega-3 is a major structural fatty acid in the brain and retina, and is naturally found in breast milk. It is important for the woman to consume adequate amounts of DHA during pregnancy and while nursing to support her well-being and the health of her infant. Developing infants cannot produce DHA efficiently, and must receive this vital nutrient from the woman through the placenta during pregnancy and in breast milk after birth.
Several micronutrients are important for the health of the developing fetus. certain nutrients such as Vitamin D and calcium, required for bone development, may require supplementation.
Dangerous bacteria or parasites may contaminate foods. Careful washing of fruits and raw vegetables may remove these pathogens. Soft cheeses may contain Listeria; if milk is raw, the risk may increase. Cat feces pose a particular risk of toxoplasmosis. Pregnant women are also more prone to Salmonella infections from eggs and poultry, which should be thoroughly cooked. Practicing good hygiene in the kitchen can reduce these risks.

4) Sexual activity during pregnancy period :

Research suggests that during pregnancy both sexual desire and frequency of sexual relations decrease. In context of this overall decrease in desire, some studies indicate a second-trimester increase, preceding a decrease during the third trimester. Some individuals are sexually attracted to pregnant women.
Sex during pregnancy may not cause harm except when the healthcare professional advises that sexual intercourse should be avoided for particular medical reasons. Otherwise, for a healthy pregnant woman who is not ill or weak, there is no safe or right way to have sex during pregnancy. As a precaution, both partners avoid putting pressure on the uterus, or a partner's full weight on a pregnant belly.

5) Exercise during pregnancy period :

Under super viosion of a health care provider, doing regular aerobic exercise during pregnancy appears to improve or maintain the physical fitness. Physical exercise during pregnancy does appear to decrease the risk of C-section. All women without contraindications should be encouraged to participate in aerobic and strength-conditioning exercises as part of a healthy lifestyle during their pregnancy. Advice needed for the women who were not regular exercisers before pregnancy and who have complicated pregnancies earlier. They should avoid in engaging in high intensity exercise programs, such as jogging and aerobics for longer time. 
Study suggests that earlier the main concerns of exercise in pregnancy were focused on the fetus and any potential maternal benefit was thought to be offset by potential risks to the fetus. However, they write that more recent information suggests that in the uncomplicated pregnancy, fetal injuries are highly unlikely. They do, however, list several circumstances when a woman should contact her health care provider before continuing with an exercise program. Contraindications include: Vaginal bleeding, dyspnea before exertion, dizziness, headache, chest pain, muscle weakness, preterm labor, decreased fetal movement, amniotic fluid leakage, and calf pain or swelling.

6) Discomforts of pregnancy:

Discomforts while pregnancy period are those conditions that do not pose any significant threat to the health of the mother or baby. Some examples are:

Nausea (morning sickness) - This occurs in majority of pregnant women, and typically improves after the first trimester. Women can experience this nausea during afternoon, evening, and throughout the entire day. Mild nausea may merely be a discomfort, but if severe and with vomiting causing water-electrolyte imbalance it can be classified as a pregnancy complication.

Back pain - It is common in pregnancy, can be very debilitating and can worsen in later pregnancy. This is usually beginning from the fifth month. It is believed to be caused by changing posture and can be worse in the evening time. It can be overcome by exercising in water, massage therapy, healthcare guidance etc. Support from pillows while sleeping might be able to help. Maternity support belts have not been shown to reduce low back pain in pregnancy. They may have some adverse effects, including pain and skin irritation for the mother, and potential effects on the fetus. So do consult & pick a right choice.

Pelvic girdle pain - It is complex and multi-factorial and likely to be represented by a series of sub-groups with different underlying pain drivers from peripheral or central nervous system, altered laxity/stiffness of muscles, laxity to injury of tendinous/ligamentous structures to 'mal-adaptive' body mechanics. There is pain, instability or dysfunction in the symphysis pubis and/or sacroiliac joints.

Other Common discomforts of pregnancy include:

- Tiredness.
- Constipation
- Braxton Hicks contractions - Occasional, irregular, and often painless contractions that occur several times per day.
- Edema (swelling) - It is Caused by compression of the inferior vena cava (IVC) and pelvic veins by the uterus leads to increased hydrostatic pressure in lower extremities.
- Increased urinary frequency - It is caused by increased intravascular volume, elevated GFR (glomerular filtration rate), and compression of the bladder by the expanding uterus.
- Urinary tract infection - It is caused by relaxation of the venous smooth muscle and increased intravascular pressure.
- Haemorrhoids (piles) are swollen veins at or inside the anal area, resulting from impaired venous return, straining associated with constipation, or increased intra-abdominal pressure in later pregnancy. Regurgitation, heartburn, and nausea.
- Striae gravidarum, pregnancy-related stretch marks

7) Complications:

Ill-health as a result of pregnancy is experienced by many women around the world. 

The following are some examples of pregnancy complications:

- Pregnancy induced hypertension
- Anemia
- Postpartum depression
- Postpartum psychosis
- Thromboembolic disorders. The leading cause of death in pregnant women.
- PUPPP skin disease that develop around the 32nd week. Red plaques, papules, itchiness around the belly button that spread all over the body except for the inside of hands and face.
- Ectopic pregnancy, implantation of the embryo outside the uterus.
- Hyperemesis gravidarum, excessive nausea that is more severe than morning sickness.
There is also an increased susceptibility and severity of certain infections in pregnancy.

8) Inter current disease in pregnancy:

There may persist other diseases or conditions may not directly caused by the pregnancy that may become worse or be a potential risk to the pregnancy.

- Diabetes mellitus and pregnancy deals with the interactions of diabetes mellitus (not restricted to gestational diabetes) and pregnancy. Risks for the child include miscarriage, growth restriction, growth acceleration, fetal obesity (macrosomia), polyhydramnios and birth defects.
- Systemic lupus erythematosus and pregnancy confers an increased rate of fetal death in utero and spontaneous abortion (miscarriage), as well as of neonatal lupus.
- Thyroid disease in pregnancy can, if uncorrected, cause adverse effects on fetal and maternal well-being. The deleterious effects of thyroid dysfunction can also extend beyond pregnancy and delivery to affect neurointellectual development in the early life of the child. Demand for thyroid hormones is increased during pregnancy which may cause a previously unnoticed thyroid disorder to worsen.
- Hyper coagulability in pregnancy is the propensity of pregnant women to develop thrombosis (blood clots). Pregnancy itself is a factor of hyper coagulability (pregnancy-induced hyper coagulability), as a physiologically adaptive mechanism to prevent post partum bleeding. However, when combined with an additional underlying hyper coagulable states, the risk of thrombosis or embolism may become substantial.

9) Infertility:

Modern reproductive medicine offers many forms of assisted reproductive technology for couples who stay childless against their will, such as fertility medication, artificial insemination, in vitro fertilization and surrogacy.

10) Abortion:

An abortion is the termination of an embryo or fetus, either naturally or via medical methods. It is more often done within the first trimester than the second, and rarely in the third. Not using contraception, contraceptive failure, poor family planning or rape can lead to undesired pregnancies. 

Know how to give birth to a Genius, well cultured, virtuous, majestic, healthy & beautiful child; please go to following Youtube videos :- 

Tuesday, 16 December 2014

Pregnancy Tests, Symptoms & Prenatal development

Pregnancy Tests, Symptoms & Prenatal development:

Lets understand the initial pregnancy stage which is the 1st day of a woman's last normal menstrual period. Resulting fetal age is known as the gestational age. 
After the point of fertilization, the fused product of the female and male gamete is referred to as a zygote or fertilized egg. The fusion of male and female gametes usually occurs following the act of sexual intercourse, resulting in spontaneous pregnancy. It can also occur by assisted reproductive technology such as artificial insemination and in vitro fertilisation, which may be undertaken as a voluntary choice or due to infertility. At the initiation stage of the preceding menstrual period, the female body goes through changes to prepare for an upcoming conception, including a rise in follicle stimulating hormone that stimulates folliculogenesis and subsequently oogenesis in order to give rise to a mature egg cell, which is the female gamete. In case of in vitro fertilisation, gestational age is calculated by adding 14 days to the oocyte retrieval's day. Fertilization usually occurs about two weeks before woman's next expected menstrual period, and if either date is unknown in an individual case it is a frequent practice to add 14 days to the fertilization age to get the gestational age and vice versa. The average duration of pregnancy is actually about 42 weeks.

The beginning of pregnancy may be detected either based on symptoms by the pregnant woman herself, or by using medical tests with or without the assistance of a medical professional. Some non-pregnant women have a very strong belief that they are pregnant along with some of the physical changes. This condition is known as pseudocyesis or false pregnancy.

Physical Symptoms / signs of a pregnancy:

Most pregnant women experience a number of symptoms, which can signify pregnancy. The symptoms can include nausea and vomiting, excessive tiredness and fatigue, cravings for certain foods that are not normally sought out, and frequent urination particularly during the night.

A number of early medical signs are associated with pregnancy. These signs may appear within the first few weeks after conception. These signs include
- The presence of human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) in the blood and urine, 
- Missed menstrual period, implantation bleeding that occurs at implantation of the embryo in the uterus during the third or fourth week after last menstrual period, 
- Increased basal body temperature sustained for over 2 weeks after ovulation, darkening of the cervix, vagina, and vulva,
- Softening of the vaginal portion of the cervix
- Softening of the uterus isthmus and pigmentation of linea alba, 
- Darkening of the skin in a midline of the abdomen, caused by hyperpigmentation resulting from hormonal changes, usually appearing around the middle of pregnancy. 
- Breast tenderness is common during the first trimester, and is more common in women who are pregnant at a young age. Shortly after conception, the nipples and areolas begin to darken due to a temporary increase in hormones. This process continues throughout the pregnancy.

Despite all the Symptoms / signs, some women may not realize they are pregnant. In some cases, a few have not been aware of their pregnancy until they begin labour. This may cause because of irregular periods, certain medications and obesity in women who disregard their weight gain.

Pregnancy test:

Pregnancy detection can be accomplished using one or more various pregnancy tests. Blood and urine tests can detect pregnancy 12 days after implantation. Blood pregnancy tests are more sensitive than urine tests. Home pregnancy tests are urine tests, and normally detect a pregnancy 12 to 15 days after fertilization. A quantitative blood test can determine approximately the date the embryo was conceived. Testing 48 hours apart can provide useful information regarding how the pregnancy is doing. A single test of progesterone levels can also help determine how likely a fetus will survive in those with a threatened bleeding in early pregnancy.

Prenatal development and Fetus:

The sperm and the egg cell, which has been released from woman's ovaries get unite in one of the two fallopian tubes. The fertilized egg which is known as a zygote then moves toward the uterus & it could take up to 7 days to complete. Cell division initiates in 1 or 2 days after the male and female cells get unite which further continues at rapid pace a blastocyst develops. Now the implantation process executes where the blastocyst arrives at the uterus and finally attaches to the uterine wall.

During the initial 10 weeks of gestation, an embryogenesis process occurs where the development of the mass of cells executes which finally become the infant. This is the time where cells begin to structure the basic outlines of the organ, body, and nervous systems. Almost at the end of embryonic stage, the development of body impressions like fingers, eyes, mouth, and ears become visible. Simultaneously there going development of supporting structures for the embryo, including the placenta and umbilical cord. The placenta connects the developing embryo to the uterine wall to allow nutrient uptake, waste elimination, and gas exchange via the mother's blood supply. The umbilical cord is the connecting cord from the embryo or fetus to the placenta.

The embryo becomes fetus after about 10 weeks of gestational age. When the fetal stage commences, the heart beating can be visulised via ultrasound. The fetus starts motions at this stage. Sex organs begin to appear during the third month of gestation. The fetus continues to grow in both weight and length, although the majority of the physical growth occurs in the last weeks of pregnancy.
Rimitive neural/brain activity begins between the 5th and 6th week of gestation. Synapses begin forming at 17 weeks and at about week 28 begin to multiply at a rapid pace which continues until 3 to 4 months after birth.

Prenatal care and pre conception counseling:

Prenatal medical care is the medical and nursing care recommended for women before and during pregnancy. The aim of good prenatal care is to identify any potential problems early, to prevent them if possible by means of adequate nutrition, exercise, vitamin intake etc. Counseling should be done to manage problems, possibly by directing the woman to appropriate specialists, hospitals, etc. if necessary.

Know how to give birth to a Genius, well cultured, virtuous, majestic, healthy & beautiful child; please go to following Youtube videos :- 

Friday, 12 December 2014

Pregnancy Period & Childbirth

Pregnancy Period & Birth of a Child:

Majority of births are successful natural vaginal births with least painful experience but sometimes complications may arise and need arise to perform a cesarean section. At labour time, a woman begins feeling uterine contractions, followed by changes of her cervix; primarily effacement and dilation. In some cases women do experience painful labour & some times not. 
The woman undergoes many physiological changes during pregnancy including cardiovascular, hematologic, metabolic, renal and respiratory that plays vital role in the event of complications. 
The fetus inside a pregnant woman is genetically differs from the woman. A Woman's pregnancy success depends on naturally developed maternal immune tolerance.

Stages of pregnancy term:

Preterm pregnancy - at 37 weeks;
Early term pregnancy - 37 weeks to 39 weeks;
Full term  pregnancy - 39 weeks to 41 weeks;
Late term  pregnancy - 41 weeks to 42 weeks;
Post term  pregnancy - up to 42 weeks.

Pregnancy period is broken into three periods or trimesters.
Pregnancy is considered at term when gestation has lasted between 37 and 42 weeks. Ideally the planned delivery of a child should not happen until after the completion of 39 weeks of pregnancy.
Events before completion of 37 weeks are considered preterm. Preterm birth is associated with a range of risks and problems and whenever possible should be avoided in favor of giving birth when the pregnancy is at term.
Sometimes if a woman's water breaks or contractions before 39 weeks, birth is unavoidable. A natural beginning to an early term delivery is usually a physiological sign that the time is right for birth. Intentionally planning to give birth before 39 weeks by Cesarean section or labor induction, even if considered at term, results in an increased risk of complications and harm to mother and child. This is from factors including underdeveloped lungs of newborns, infection due to underdeveloped immune system, feeding problems due to underdeveloped brain, and jaundice from underdeveloped liver. 
Babies born between 39 and 41 weeks gestation have better outcomes than babies born either before or after this range. This special time period is called "full term". Whenever possible, waiting for labor to begin on its own in this time period is best for the health of the mother and baby. Because of the likelihood of increased problems including the need for a c-section, between 39–41 weeks inducing labor without a medical indication is discouraged unless the cervix is favorable.
Events after 42 weeks are considered post term. When a pregnancy exceeds 42 weeks, the risk of complications for both the woman and the fetus increases significantly. Therefore, in an otherwise uncomplicated pregnancy, obstetricians usually prefer to induce labour at some stage between 41 and 42 weeks.

Usually it is defined that each trimester to lasts for 14 weeks, resulting in a total duration of 42 weeks. 

First trimester (Up to 13 Weeks of the pregnancy):
The womb will grow to the size of a lemon by eight weeks. Many symptoms and discomforts of pregnancy like nausea and tender breasts occur in this period.

Second trimester (Weeks 13 to 28 of the pregnancy):
Although the breasts have been developing internally since the commencement of the pregnancy, most of the visible changes appear after second trimester. Most women feel energized in this period, and may begin to put on weight as the symptoms of morning sickness subside and eventually fade away. The uterus, the muscular organ that holds the developing fetus, can expand up to 20 times its normal size during pregnancy.
Although the fetus begins to move and takes a recognizable human shape during the first trimester, it is not until the second trimester that movement of the fetus which can be felt in the fourth month or in the 20th to 21st week, or by the 19th week if the woman has been pregnant before. It is common for some women not to feel the fetus move until much later. By the end of the second trimester, the expanding uterus has created a visible "baby bump". 

Third trimester (Weeks 28 to 42 of the pregnancy):
The uterus expands making up a larger and larger portion of the woman's abdomen. During the final stages of gestation before childbirth the fetus and uterus will drop to a lower position. Final weight gain takes place, which is the most weight gain throughout the pregnancy. The woman's abdomen will transform in shape as it drops due to the fetus turning in a downward position ready for birth. During the second trimester, the woman's abdomen would have been very upright, whereas in the third trimester it will drop down quite low, and the woman will be able to lift her abdomen up and down. The fetus begins to move regularly, and is felt by the woman. Fetal movement can become quite strong and be disruptive to the woman. The woman's navel will sometimes become convex, due to her expanding abdomen.
Head engagement, where the fetal head descends into cephalic presentation, relieves pressure on the upper abdomen with renewed ease in breathing. It also severely reduces bladder capacity, and increases pressure on the pelvic floor and the rectum.
It is also during the third trimester that maternal activity and sleep positions may affect fetal development due to restricted blood flow. For instance, the enlarged uterus may impede blood flow by compressing the lower pressured vena cava, with the left lateral positions appearing to providing better oxygenation to the infant.

After Birth :

Studies suggests that skin to skin contact between a mother and her newborn immediately after birth is beneficial for both the mother and baby. During the time immediately after birth, both the mother and the baby are hormonally cued to bond. The bond developed reduces crying, improves mother infant interaction, and helps mothers to breastfeed conveniently.  

The postnatal period begins immediately after the birth of a child and then extends for about six weeks. During this period, the mother's body begins the return to pre-pregnancy conditions that includes changes in hormone levels and uterus size.

Know how to give birth to a Genius, well cultured, virtuous, majestic, healthy & beautiful child; please go to following Youtube videos :-